Also known as the Japanese plum, the loquat is a small evergreen tree that reaches only 25 feet, making it a excellent choice for small yards and tight spaces.
The loquat has been cultivated for over 1,000 years in its native China and elsewhere in Asia. It was introduced to Florida by the end of the nineteenth century and has thrived here ever since.
White, fragrant flowers bloom October through February, and the yellow, fuzzy fruit is ready for harvest in early spring. Loquats are sweet and juicy, and there are numerous varieties, with a range of flavors.
Loquats grow well throughout Florida, enjoy full sun, and are drought-tolerant, although fruit production may be affected by lack of water, and the flowers and fruit can be damaged by freezing temperatures. Plant your loquat in a sunny, well-drained spot.
- Master Gardener Q&A: What's Wrong with My Loquat? UF/IFAS Extension Nassau County
- Trees & Powerlines: Eriobotrya japonica
- Eriobotrya japonica: Loquat
- Loquat Growing in the Florida Home Landscape
- Other Loquat Tree Varieties