Like all cycads, the coontie has ancient origins. But this Florida plant is the only cycad native to North America. It's also the preferred food source for larvae of the rare Atala butterfly.
The coontie (Zamia pumila) looks like a small fern, and is typically one to three feet tall. It has stiff, glossy, featherlike leaves attached to a thick, short, underground stem. Florida’s native peoples once ground up the stems to create a starchy flour for cooking. Don’t try this yourself, though—the stem is toxic unless prepared properly.
Because of its high drought tolerance and moderate salt tolerance, the coontie is an excellent choice for the coastal landscape. And it’s cold-hardy, too. Coonties can be planted in sun or shade, and can be used as a specimen plant or in foundation and massed plantings throughout the state.
(Note: There is some disagreement to the correct botanical name; while many University of Florida publications use Zamia floridana, others, including The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, uses Zamia pumila.)
- 50 Common Native Plants Important in Florida's Ethnobotanical History
- Atala (Butterfly), Atala Hairstreak, Coontie Hairstreak, Eumaeus atala Röber (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
- Florida Coonties and Atala Butterflies
- Zamia floridana Coontie
- Zamia floridana – Coontie; Florida arrowroot; comfort root; Seminole bread (PDF)
Also on Gardening in a Minute
- The Cycad Society
- The Coontie of Florida--Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida
- Grow Your Own Zamia Floridana--Ocala Star Banner