University of Florida

Plant Identification Learning Module:
Vegetables

Pea, Southern (Vigna unguiculata)

Plants are bean-like, sometimes bush and often vining, or semi-vining. Green leaves are trifoliate, round and pointed, and glossy-smooth. Pods are long, slender, pointed, and variously colored from yellow to green, purple, and black. Seeds are plump, not as flat as beans, and are many-colored. Seed coat is white to tan with a dark spot, called the "eye" ranging from black to green, pink and purple. Common names include black-eyed pea, Crowder pea, and cowpea.