University of Florida

Plant Identification Learning Module:
Ornamentals

Southern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Southern red cedar is an evergreen gymnosperm that produces two types of leaves: juvenile leaves which are short, needle-like and prickly (awl-like) and adult leaves that are dark green and flattened (scale-like). The bark of this large-growing tree (up to 40 feet) is reddish and peeling. The flowers are cone-like and produced separately on dioecious plants. The fruits are purple with a white bloom, fleshy and one-seeded.