University of Florida

Plant Identification Learning Module:
Fruits & Nuts

Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)

The loquat is a rapidly growing evergreen tree that can reach 25 to 30 feet in height. The ten to twelve inch long leaves are alternate, simple, oblong, leathery, and dark green above, rusty-colored below. The flowers are white, with five petals, and are produced in stiff panicles of three to ten flowers. The flowers have a sweet aroma that can be smelled from a distance. The fruit is golden yellow and fuzzy skinned. The dried flower can often be seen on the bottom of the fruit. There are a few large, shiny, dark seeds in the soft, tart, yellowish flesh. Loquats are grown mainly as landscape plants throughout Florida, and frequently produce fruit in even the coldest areas of the state.