University of Florida

Plant Identification Learning Module:
Fruits & Nuts

Chinese Jujube (Zizyphus jujuba)

Trees are moderately large and upright, with spiny, gnarled branches and an open form, reaching 40 feet tall. Leaves are alternate, glossy and oval to slightly elongated, from one to two inches long, with three prominent bowed veins. There are sharp spines along the margin at the broad base of the leaf. Flowers are small, white or yellow, fragrant, and borne in the leaf axils. Fruit is small, to 1 inch, green when young, maturing to dark red, then black, with a sweet flavor. Chinese jujubes are grown in north and central Florida.