University of Florida

Plant Identification Learning Module:
Fruits & Nuts

Avocado (Persea americana)

Avocados are commonly pear-shaped but they may be rounded or prominently necked. Those grown in Florida commonly have smooth, green skins, but other types may have rough leathery skin which is almost black. The flesh is yellow-green, greener toward the skin and more yellow toward the seed. The single seed is brown, large and smooth. Fruit size is variable. Leaves are large, smooth, alternate, ovate, broadly pointed and dark green. The trees are medium to large and are generally considered to be evergreen although some types lose their leaves briefly before flowering. Avocados are grown in central and south Florida.