University of Florida

Coastal Gardening

More than three-quarters of Florida's population lives in coastal counties. Gardening in these areas requires a little extra planning to deal with the winds, inescapable salt, and sandy high-pH soils.

The most important thing is to choose salt-tolerant plants, especially if you live within an eighth of a mile of the coast. These include vines such as bougainvillea, groundcovers like sea oats, and shrubs like wax myrtle.

Be sure to water your plants until they're established, and as needed after that. Protect native plants already growing in your landscape, as they're naturally adapted to coastal conditions.

You can create wind screens with fences, sturdy shrubs, or groups of trees. This will help protect your landscape plants from high winds, and create your personal oasis.

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