University of Florida

Form in the Garden

As a design element, form refers to the three-dimensional nature of components in the garden, including their shape, structure, and size. Plant forms may be referred to as upright, rounded, or spreading.

Plants, hardscape elements, and even open areas in the landscape all have their own forms, which can help determine the style of the garden. A key to good garden design is to strike the right balance of forms. If you repeat elements with similar forms, you'll create a sense of rhythm and formality. If you choose contrasting forms, you'll invoke a more naturalized feel.

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